So I’ve been doing a lot of Tudors lately but today I decided to do Germany 🙂 Here is a opposition and protest comparison table between Weimar, Nazi and FRG. I hope this helpful.
|1 Did not experience opposition from individuals.||1 Hindenburg
– Chose Papen as Chancellor over Hitler
– 4 April 1933 – wrote to Hitler about law to dismiss non-Aryan members of civil service.
|1 Did not experience opposition from individuals.|
|2 Spartacists Revolt – Communist inspired attempt to overthrow the government.
Kapp Putsch – Freikorp and military backed revolt in Berlin forcing the Government to flee. Collapsed after TU’s called general strike leaving the leaders powerless.
|2 Red Army Faction/Baader-Meinhof Gang a left wing radical group inspired by Communists with the support of East German Stasi.|
|2 Nazis did not suffer much opposition from groups due to fear.|
|KPD banned 1956, SRP banned 1952 through Article 21. Left felt unrepresented and marginalised.|
|3 Nazis suffered very little opposition from political parties after they were banned in 1933.
– 1941 – Red Orchestra – Government officials who passed information to the USSR.
– SPD “Red Shock Troop” published anti-Nazi literature.
|3 Weimar experienced a lot of opposition from political parties such as: (Right-Left)
However, the Parties never actively opposed bar the NSDAP
– Munich Putsch attempted a takeover of government inspired by Mussolini’s “March on Rome” but were stopped before they could march.
|Nazis did not experience terrorism as everyone was controlled by fear.||Red Army Faction (BMG) – used violent methods such as bombing, assassinations, kidnappings, bank robberies and shoot outs.|
|REIGIOUS OPPOSITION||No religious opposition.||Church
– Concordat was established with the Catholic Church. Created “People’s Church”
– Removal of Old Testament and the increased level of Nazism, a decrease of Christianity in the “People’s Church” lead to the creation of PEL which condemned Nazis. Members were arrested and some executed.
|No religious opposition.|
|YOUTH PROTEST||No Youth protests||Edelweiss Pirates and White Rose Group – distributed anti-Nazi materials||1960s:
– “What did you do in the war daddy?”
– Popular slogan
– Dislocate from past due to “Year Zero” policy.
Group marches and mass demonstrations.
Good Luck with you studies! Also, let me know this is confusing and I’ll change it 🙂